Big Data, Apache Hadoop, Hive & then Vertica.

It’s all about Big Data : Previously , in 2012 , I had some research related to Big Data and Apache Hadoop while I was working in Healthcare domain in my old company , I couldn’t spent much time in this sector though I wanted to . So, now back again, I started to dig down little bit more on this topic which is hot topic at that time and now becoming even hottest topic at this time. Big Data, every company now trying to incorporate and deal with these things.

Really speaking, the more we search related to Big Data the more it will be vast and big. Big Data as far as I know just a way of handling the massive amount of data both structural , semi- structural and unstructured data that is beyond the storage and processing capabilities of a single physical machine . Day by Day (V3) data velocity, data variety formats and data volume gets on increasing and from terabytes to petabytes and so on. If we really don’t think and invest enough time to handle these massive amount of growing data and the emerging Big Data Challenges then the future seems little dark outside.

Where Big Data comes there comes the term Hadoop. Hadoop: I think ‘Doug Cutting’ wouldn’t have thought that the tool which he’s naming after his kid’s soft toy will be such a huge elephant now that every top companies trying to ride on that big elephant. Every companies now trying to find out what’s this big elephant is about, what it is capable of, do we need it or how to incorporate it in our existing frameworks, these are some of the things which companies are thinking and investing there valuable time these days.

Hadoop is by no means an out-of-the-box solution. In order to build a truly information- driven enterprise, where decisions are based on data and not guess works, the companies would require a data management solution that not only offers robust data governance, but also is easily manageable and seamlessly integrates with existing enterprise infrastructure.

Hadoop as describer formally from Apache itself:

The Apache Hadoop software library is a framework that allows for the distributed processing of large data sets across clusters of computers using simple programming models. It is designed to scale up from single servers to thousands of machines, each offering local computation and storage. Rather than rely on hardware to deliver high-availability, the library itself is designed to detect and handle failures at the application layer, so delivering a highly available service on top of a cluster of computers, each of which may be prone to failures.

It has mainly tow core components:

  1. Data processing framework (MapReduce): MapReduce is a programming model and an associated implementation for processing and generating large data sets with a paralleldistributed algorithm on a cluster.
  2. Distributed file system for data storage. (HDFS): HDFS is highly fault-tolerant and is designed to be deployed on low-cost hardware. HDFS provides high throughput access to application data and is suitable for applications that have large data sets.

You can find more on these through different sites online.

I have gone through step by step installing Hadoop 2.7.0 in single node cluster on RedHat Linux VMware Machine, if you want to play along with Hadoop by trying installation and configuration then you can go through below link which have all details:

Then after that I try to install HIVE: Hive, another Apache application that helps convert query language into MapReduce jobs, for instance.

Now, I am trying to connect Vertica Cluster node and Hadoop Cluster node to talk to each other, since I can definitely process the different source unstructured data directly and easily into Hadoop nodes and then for quick ad-hoc analytics & quick decision making, the same data we process can load into Vertica and do further analysis in near real time. I am trying to go through this document for now.

For installing Vertica in a single node you can go through the blog that I had previously written:

So far as Hadoop distribution is concerned, the three companies that really stand out in the competitions are: Cloudera, MapR and Hortonworks.

You can find more on these by going through their sites. One blog I found great to read related to these Hadoop distribution vendor companies by going through below link:

The more we dig down into these topics, the more vast the big data world it became. One who is trying to learn and read related to big data thing should surely need to dig down more related to some other topics too for sure, such as:

HBase, YARN, Cassandra, Pig , Zookeeper, Spark , Ambari ,sqoop  , flume and so on.

These are some of topics one should go through if you want to dig down more into the world of Big Data.



Anil Maharjan

BI Engineer

Developing Data Products using R language and Shiny App.

Learning new things and playing around with new tools, apps is what we always want and which helps us to grow our carrier and knowledge.

In my free time this month, I took one of the course from Coursera.

Coursera is an education platform that partners with top universities and organizations worldwide, to offer courses online for anyone to take, for free as well as you can earn or achieve certified certificate too.

Beside than certificate, the knowledge we learn from here is a step towards the success in our carriers.

This time I took a course as ‘Developing Data Products’ which is provided by Johns Hopkins University.

About the Course

A data product is the production output from a statistical analysis. Data products automate complex analysis tasks or use technology to expand the utility of a data informed model, algorithm or inference. This course covers the basics of creating data products using Shiny, R packages, and interactive graphics. The course will focus on the statistical fundamentals of creating a data product that can be used to tell a story about data to a mass audience.

You can find more about this course through:

For this, you need to install R-Studio, R –language, Shinny package and other related packages. Also, you can learn more related to R-language, R-studio, and Shiny app from different courses available in Coursera.


You can download R-studio,


R version, currently we have R V 3.1.3. You can download from cran.


Also, you should open github account which is mostly useful to share codes, docs & as well as you can share ideas and involve in the Projects, also can browse interesting projects & solves all types of interesting problems.

I have opened my github account as

Shiny & Shiny App:

Then you can open shinyapps account. You can directly login by using the Github same account.

I have published one app after learning this course as:

This shiny app is mainly used to analysis or to find out Facebook site visitor’s vs. other sites. How much time a person spent his/her time in Facebook or in other sites based on per hour, day, and months. Detail analysis can be found out if we can have exact site visit data. This is just a sample data which is not accurate, we can compares trends of site statistics if we can have exact data. .

Thinking of the project in Shinny apps as: Let’s drill into your Facebook data to extract your story. :

R Markdown / RPubs

Also, you can prepare the documents / presentation as directly publish in web from R. R Markdown documents that you have written in R-studio can be directly published into the web where RPubs comes. Where you can directly publish the R Markdown documents into web RPubs and share among all.


Through this course I am able to learn these new tools, languages, data products, assessments, Quizzes, Projects. It feels like, I have been reading back to my engineering classes again. I must say that course lectures are great and have great knowledge in their respective fields.

This course helps me, how we can directly analysis the data and can tell the story behind the data using different data products, by creating shiny app and pushing in web where anyone can go through the app easily and can understand what the story behind the data is by themselves. Here, we don’t need to load the data into database, create any data models & use any reporting tools to play around data & make decision. Here we can directly play around with raw data using R-language & using shiny app along with different r-charts we can easily tell the story behind data quickly and effectively.

While learning this course I got some issue which I have shared along in forum /discussions.



Anil Maharjan

BI Engineer

How to Install Vertica in a single node.

Install Vertica in a single node. 

This article is mainly related to:

  1.  Setup of Vertica in a single node.
  2. Vertica Console Management
  3. Tableau
  4. DBeaver

During my free time, I want to try to install Vertica and want to know what it is all about. what are the things we should know while installing Vertica and what will be the issues, difficulties, requirements and process do we need to follow in order to setup Vertica and play around it.

The HP Vertica Analytic Database is based on a massively parallel processing (MPP), shared-nothing architecture, in which the query processing workload is divided among all nodes of the Vertica database.

If you want to try Vertica and play around along with this columnar database then you should follow below steps.

Step 1:

Firstly you should have any Linux OS installed in a machine. For Vertica, the minimum requirement is to have 3 nodes that mean’s three Linux OS running in different nodes. But, in my case I want to try to install in only one node and try it out. I have windows 7 OS install and where I have install Red hat Linux in my virtual machine. So, make sure you have at least one Linux OS installed machine.

You may find the below link to find out the minimum requirements and server configuration:

General Platform Recommendations

  • ext4 is recommended over ext3 for performance reasons.
  • Use 2GB of swap space regardless of the amount of installed RAM.
  • Place the database /catalog directory on the same drive as the OS.

Step 2:

Download all the required software related to Vertica from the site

In order to download you can sign up in a community edition. All the stuffs you can know from below video:

Here, I have downloaded the below versions:

Step 3:

After that move the setup files into Red Hat Linux virtual machine directory. I have put the setup files into directory as /data/software and then open the terminal in VM,

Run the below command as root user:

rpm -Uvh /data/Software/vertica-7.0.2-1.x86_64.RHEL5.rpm

Then after that it will ask to run the /opt/vertica/sbin/install_vertica to complete the installation.

Step 4:

Run the script in master node

# /opt/vertica/sbin/install_vertica -s host_list -r rpm_package -u dba_username

Here I used only one node so below is my script.

 /opt/vertica/sbin/install_vertica -s localhost -r /data/Software/vertica-7.0.2-1.x86_64.RHEL5.rpm -u dbadmin

Here, you need to note that if you want to install Vertica in multiple nodes then you can include different nodes or host list.

Where options are:

-s host_list comma-separated list of hostnames or IP addresses to include in the cluster; do not include space characters in the list.

  1. -r “vertica_6.0.x.x86_64.RHEL5.rpm”
  2. -u dbadmin user name
  3. -p dbadmin passowrd
  4. -P root password
  5. -L location of the license
  6. -d where data will be located
  7. -s nodes that will be part of the cluster
  8. -r location of the installation rpm

— If you omit the -u parameter, the default database administrator account name is dbadmin who will only use the admintools.

You can find more about installing vertica in 3nodes or complete cluster Installation in below link:


After that you will get some issues or errors as below which I have got

>> Validating node and cluster prerequisites…

Failures during local (OS) configuration for verify-

HINT (S0305):

TZ is unset for dbadmin. Consider updating .profile or .bashrc

HINT (S0041):

Could not find the following tools normally provided by the mcelog

package: mcelog

HINT (S0040):

Could not find the following tools normally provided by the pstack or

gstack package: pstack/gstack

WARN (N0010):

Linux iptables (firewall) has some non-trivial rules in tables: filter

FAIL (S0150):

These disks do not have ‘deadline’ or ‘noop’ IO scheduling: ‘/dev/sda1’

(‘sda’) = ‘cfq’, ‘/dev/sda3’ (‘sda’) = ‘cfq’

FAIL (S0020):

Readahead size of sda (/dev/sda1,/dev/sda3) is too low for typical

systems: 256 < 2048

FAIL (S0030):

ntpd process is not running: [‘ntpd’, ‘ntp’]

FAIL (S0081):

SELinux appears to be enabled and not in permissive mode.

FAIL (S0310):

Transparent hugepages is set to ‘always’. Must be ‘never’ or ‘madvise’.

Then go through each error in the link below

This is all about some cluster prerequisites. Here go through each FAIL(XXXX) in the community forum where you will get the solution for each error.

Step 6:

After that, run the admintools from the dbadmin user then you can see as

After that create the database:

Then choose the host name where database will reside:

Then, define the Catalog location and data path

Since I have installed Vertica in a single node so there will not be the concept of K-Safe method. If we are installing at least 3nodes then we can have k-safe.

After that,

Then create Vertica database as Vertica_DB in a single node.

After that the database will created.


Just click OK and you will see the Database configuration:

Then finally you can exit from the admintools:

Step 7:

Vertica management console:

After successful installation of Vertica Database now you can install the Vertica management console:

The new HP Vertica Management Console is an enterprise database management tool that provides a unified view of your HP Vertica database and lets you monitor multiple clusters from a single point of access.

You can find more on below link:

Run the command as a root user:

rpm –Uvh vertica-console-7.0.2-1.x86_64.RHEL5.rpm

After successful installation it will show URL as https://localhost.localdomain:5450/webui during the installation. Just go through the URL and accept the license

What you can do with Management Console

  • Create a database cluster on hosts that do not have HP Vertica installed
  • Create, import, and monitor multiple HP Vertica databases on one or more clusters from a single point of control
  • Create MC users and grant them access to MC and MC-managed databases
  • Manage user information and monitor their activity on MC
  • Configure database parameters and user settings dynamically
  • Access a single message box of alerts for all managed databases
  • Export all database messages or log/query details to a file
  • View license usage and conformance
  • Diagnose and resolve MC-related issues through a browser
  • Access a quick link to recent databases and clusters
  • View dynamic metrics about your database cluster

The features is so much helpful for the DBA’s and the developer from where they can easily monitor multiple HP Vertica databases on one or more clusters from a single point of control.

Detail setp to install and login setup process is shown in my slideshare , you can see the link below :


Tableau can help anyone see and understand their data. Connect to almost any database, drag and drop to create visualizations, and share with a click.

To know the story behind your data which is stored in Vertica DB, you need to have a reporting tool which can make a quick decision and helps you to get the value of your data.

This is where Tableau can be used. Which is one of the best Reporting Tool I must say.

One can go to Tableau portal and download the software and play around any database, Worksheets, excel files and so many other data files.

I have downloaded both desktop and public version of Tableau, and where as desktop version works for 15 days trail.

Now in order to connect Vertica DB through Tableau you need to install the Vertica client in your PC i.e. my windows 7 machine, where you need to download the vertica-client-7.0.2-1.64 from

Also, you can install the test db along with Vertica as VMART schema but in my case I am getting error so I have posted into Vertica community .One can join this community and can share ideas and issues.

After that you can open tableau desktop and connect to Vertica DB in order to play around with and to find the story behind your data.

Also, you can have public tableau install in your PC and do some analysis using different worksheets, I have also done some analysis related to ‘Average Percentage of Internet Users across the World ‘ and published into public server which is free that Tableau providing for normal users.


DBeaver is free and open source (GPL) universal database tool for developers and database administrators.

  • Usability is the main goal of this project, program UI is carefully designed and implemented.
  • It is freeware.
  • It is multiplatform.
  • It is based on opensource framework and allows writing of various extensions (plugins).
  • It supports any database having a JDBC driver.
  • It may handle any external datasource which may or may not have a JDBC driver.
  • There is a set of plugins for certain databases (MySQL and Oracle in version 1.x) and different database management utilities (e.g. ERD

You can find more from the link :

I just found this tool so easy to connect with Vertica DB and do some queries analysis


Through this article, I am sure you are now able to understand how you can install Vertica Analytic Database in a single node and how you can use Vertica Management Console to monitor multiple clusters from a single point of access. How you can easily get the story behind your data in Vertica DB by using the Tableau Reporting tool.

Also, how you can use quires to do more detail analysis by using the DBeaver tool in Vertica Database.

More detail step by step full artice can be download from the link below :


Anil Maharjan

BI Engineer

Using Power Query to tell your story form your Facebook Data.

Using Power Query to tell your story form your Facebook Data.

Most of the time of this weekend, I spent my time to extract the story behind my Facebook data by using Power Query. Power Query can connect data across a wide variety of sources, where Facebook is one of the data source. By using Power Query you can extract your Facebook data easily and do analysis your own story by using your own Facebook data.

Talking about Power Query: Microsoft Power Query for Excel is an Excel add-in that enhances the self-service Business Intelligence experience in Excel by simplifying data discovery, access and collaboration.

Microsoft Power Query for Excel, is a new add-in that provides a seamless experience for data discovery, data transformation and enrichment for Information Workers, BI professionals and other Excel users. With Power Query you can:

  • Identify the data you care about from the sources you work with (e.g. relational databases, Excel, text and XML files, OData feeds, web pages, Hadoop HDFS, Facebook Data etc.).
  • Discover relevant data from inside(*) and outside your organization using the search capabilities within Excel.
  • Combine data from multiple, disparate data sources and shape it in order to prepare the data for further analysis in tools like Excel and Power Pivot, or visualization in tools like Power View and Power Map.

You can easily download from the link below:

You can find more about Power View, Power Map, Power BI and Q&A from the official Microsoft Power BI site.

Now, I think you have installed Power Query add-in in Excel 2013 professional edition,

So, let’s drill into your Facebook data to extract your story .!!!

Firstly you need to open Excel sheet and go to the Power Query ribbon bar in Excel, then go to the ‘From Other Source’ section where you will see the ‘From Facebook option’ from dropdown list.


Due to the so many slides or pages, the detail step by Step guide have uploaded into my Slideshare account. You can download or go through the section in order to know how to use Power Query and how to extract your Facebook Data and how to do analysis using Power View to tell the story. Here is the Slideshare:

Slideshare link

Where I have use Power View to analyse the Facebook data and give us some story to view.

Here I have used three Power Query Analysis, I think you will find these easy after you once go through the slides in above link where I have listed detail step by step method to do these analysis or if you have some knowledge of Power View then it must be quite easy to do analysis.

Power Query Analysis 1 using Power View:

  • Let’s see when you have added your friends.
  • Through this analysis you can find out the total friends added in Facebook, in which year, month.
  • First and recent friends connected within Facebook.
  • You can know when you are connected with which friend.

Happy to see the results. :)

Now you want to know first and recent friends connected within Facebook along with which time they have added . You can get it by using  period field in Tile By and story field in rows with friend added filter field in column . This shows the first friends that you have added in Facebook. Happy to see the result. :)

If you need to find out the recent added friends in Facebook then just click the last period.


Here as per chart I can clearly see that I have added a lot of friends in 2009 and 2010. Since that is the year when I had completed my computer engineering course and most of my time I was spending in Facebook. Quite amazing it does remind my past college life. Power Query along with Power View actually can tell us story of our own. Happy to find out my past.

This is such a cool tool, Power Query and Power View along with Power BI, You can visualize the things you just want to see.

Power Query Analysis 2 using Power View:

  • Ø Now, let’s see how many of your friends are male and female. 

 I think after going through the slides you will surely know how to get the data from Facebook using Power Query for friend list and how to use Power View to analysis. you can go through detail steps again from slides to do this analysis.

Power Query Analysis 3 using Power View:

  • Let’s see your facebook activities from past to present.

This will help you to track down how much time have you spent in facebook and how frequent you post or update your feeds.

This will helps facebook to track down the facebook user usage trend.

  • How and when user is spending the time in facebook.
  • Why the facebook user usage trend is decreasing or increasing.
  • What is the reason behind the feeds data of user is decreasing or increasing.

For the facebook activities analysis, you can use the same feed information worksheet and by creating new Power View and line chart option you can start analysis of facebook activities from different perspective.


From graph we can clearly see that there is a huge spike in 200907 to somewhat up to 201003 this is still because this is the time when I had completed my computer engineering course and most of my time I was spending in facebook.

Also, going on next year in 201109 there is another spike which is due to that month is my birthday on 04thSeptember, where there is more feeds regarding my birthday wishes.

Now, let’s see the current year facebook activates by using similar Power View and same drag and drop features and by scroll down to last month date 201405 you can see the trend of your current facebook activities.


Here from line trend analysis it seems that the facebook activates from past year to current is frequently decreasing in my case. This is due to that I am spending less time in facebook as compares to previous year where I use to spend most of my time.



Power Query along with Power View actually can tell us story of your own. This is how Power Query along with Power View can tell your story by using your own facebook data. Happy to find out my past.

Quite amazing it does remind my past college life.

This is such a cool tool, Power Query and Power View along with Power BI, You can visualize the things you just want to see.

Also, I am thinking that if facebook provides our friends location data then it will be so easy to find out the friends and family around the world. Where Power Map will be more useful to track down the friends whom we have no idea where she or he is but we do connected with facebook in virtual world. If we can think of creating facebook friends and family location track app which will helps us to find out where exact is our friends and family are located based on the current location information of facebook data.


Anil Maharjan

How to transpose rows to columns in oracle.

In some case we need to transpose the table data that means we need to change the rows value into columns, and then this blog post will be surely helpful.

Let’s say we have to find out the trend of expenses of the customer or say some account no or mobile no for some few months to find out his or her behavior such as we have a data in table ‘Pivot_Table’  as

MobileNO TotalExpenses 	Date
1	3000	20140101
2	5000	20140101
3	7000	20140101
1	5000	20140201
3	9000	20140201
2	3000	20140201
1	1111	20140301
2	2222	20140301
3	3333	20140301

Now, in order to find out the behavior analysis for the certain months per MobileNO, we need the output such as

MobileNO JanExpenses	FebExpenses	MarchExpenses
1	3000 		5000		1111
2	5000		3000		2222
3	7000		9000		3333

 This can be easily done by using the PIVOT function for Oracle version11.2

But if your oracle version is old than 11.2 then you can use DECODE function to obtain such solution:

DECODE is a function in Oracle and is used to provide if-then-else type of logic to SQL. It is not available in MySQL or SQL Server. The syntax for DECODE is:

SELECT DECODE ( "column_name", "search_value_1", "result_1", 
["search_value_n", "result_n"],
{"default_result"} );

"search_value" is the value to search for, and "result" is the value that is displayed.

Here is my Query:

SELECT /*+parallel(t,4)*/
    	MAX(DECODE(Date, 20140101, TotalExpenses)) AS JanExpenses,
MAX(DECODE(Date, 20140201, TotalExpenses)) AS FebExpenses,
MAX(DECODE(Date, 20140301, TotalExpenses)) AS MarchExpenses
    Pivot_Table t

Hope this post will be helpful.


Anil Maharjan

Watch 24 Hours of PASS Business Analytics sessions if you had missed any.

From yesterday evening to till today morning I had a great time attending the ‘24 Hour of PASS Business Analytics’ free live 12 back-to-back webcasts from various BA Conference speakers.

If you have missed out to join the live sessions on 5th Feb 2014th which had begin at 08:00PT / 11:00 ET / 16:00 GMT, then no worries the recorded webcasts sessions is available now and you can just check out those great session and am sure you will get some great knowledge in the world of BA from a great speakers around the world.

You will be able to know the story behind your own DATA through these great sessions.

Also, there is a contest #pass24Hop Challenge organized for this event, where anyone can take part in the challenges and if you are lucky enough and passionate about DATA and BI then you could get a chance to win a free ticket to2014 PASS Business Analytics Conference which is going to be held on San Jose, CA from May 7-9. I think this event will be a great success and will bring more new challenges and opportunity in the world of BI, BA. Wish I could also attend this event  :) !!!


Anil Maharjan

Some Question and knowledge learn from PASS Summit 2013 Preview

The session’s was really great and so do the Speakers . Learn a lot off stuffs and knowledge from 24 hours for PASS SUMMIT Preview.

Here are some of the question I have asked so far and by doing some research on that I found some answers as:

1.Power view loads data in Memory, so how big data set can it load and will it be significant to work/analysis as similar to multidimensional OLAP cube analysis.?

: I could not get the clear answer of this one but I think Power view can’t be used as significant as SSAS providing .

2.Will SQL server going to handle the BIG data as similar like Hadoop and others.

Since they are quite different  product I know, Microsoft Big Data offers an integrated platform for managing data of any type or size, whether it is structured data from a relational data warehouse such as SQL Server 2012 Parallel Data Warehouse, unstructured data on Hadoop or streaming data.

PolyBase is a breakthrough new technology on the data processing engine in SQL Server 2012 Parallel Data Warehouse designed as the simplest way to combine non-relational data and traditional relational data in your analysis. So, MSSQL 2012 focusing  for Big DATA , structured/ Unstructured data as like Hadoop currently emerging.

3.Can Power view used to analyze the Multidimensional OLAP cube?

I think this feature is released in SQL Server 2012 SP1 CU 4 and still not works in Excel 2013 if I am not wrong.

4.Is it better to use 50-60 left join from almost 50 tables having cluster index to populate a single fact table or we can use some intermediate table using 20-20-20 joins and lastly join those tables to populate a single fact table.

: still waiting for answer

5.what will be the performance issue while replication AlwaysON High Availability and how does it sync with primary to secondary .

:This is nice feature I notice about in SQL 2012.

6.what will be better approach vertical partitioning or horizontal partitioning in SQL 2012.

:Vertical partitioning since horizontal partitioning is quite complex in SQL 2012 as per speaker.

7.Does Power view and Power Map only support Bing maps, can’t we use a Google maps.

:No, we cannot use Google maps for now.

These are some of the question I have asked so far, and the answers may not be quite enough or correct.

I hope someone knows better answer for these question too so, if you have any please share some.

That will surely helps us and wish I could attend the PASS Summit 2013 that is going to held on

Charlotte, NC: October 15-18, 2013 .


Anil Maharjan